The wastewater treatment agreement signed between Italy e Libya during the visit to Rome by the prime minister of the government of Libyan national unity (GUN), Abdulhamid Dabaiba, has a threefold value: first of all, it strengthens cooperation with a strategic country for Italy, both from the point of view of energy and from that the management of migratory flows; secondly, it substantiates the Mattei plan in cooperation for water – one of the most precious and scarce resources on the planet – giving a sign of what Italy can give to the southern shores of the Mediterranean; finally, he recalled the value of Italian entrepreneurship and technology. The agreement provides that Termomeccanica Ecologia, the Italian leader in ecological plant engineering, will resume and complete the works of the plants intended for the purification of waste water in Tripoli and Misurata, definitively suspended in 2014 due to the war events. A contract with a total value of 200 million euros, financed by the Hip (Housing and Infrastructure Board), the Libyan institution for urban development, for which the works are expected to be completed by 2026. "It is an intelligent way to implement on the Mattei floor”, explained the president of Thermomechanics Ecology, Enzo Papi.
In a complicated international context, with Russia and Turkey very active militarily, added Papi, "this government has found a way to play a role, with projects like ours, together with the restructuring of the airport and the roads and the restart of the power stations electricity thanks to Ansaldo”. An Italian project that should be exploited more even in our country. Just a few days ago Italy was referred again to the Court of Justice of the EU due to inadequate treatment of urban wastewater. Nine years after the first formal notice there are still 5 non-compliant urban agglomerations, one in Valle d'Aosta and 4 in Sicily. A topic therefore very current and debated but with little knowledge of the subject. "There is a big difference between North and South - explains Papi - in the South there are no purifiers, especially in Sicily, but also in Calabria and Puglia". Faced with the scarcity of the water resource, Papi notes, talking about desalinators is a fairy tale because they consume a lot of energy. It is no coincidence that they are located in the Persian Gulf, where there is no water but energy practically costs nothing. "Throwing the water from the purifiers into the sea - concludes Papi - is a crime because with little money you can recover water both for irrigation and for industrial use".