The forces of the Tigray People's Liberation Front (TPLF) have surrendered their heavy weapons, in line with the ceasefire agreement signed in Pretoria on 2 November. The Tigrinya spokesman, Getachew Reda, announced it on Twitter, specifying that the transfer was confirmed by a monitoring and verification team of the African Union. This is a key move for the implementation of the peace deal, as well as the restoration of services in the war-torn region, which has already begun in recent weeks.
Another key condition is the withdrawal of the Eritrean military who fought alongside the Ethiopian government, however there has been no announcement yet. As part of the process of implementing the peace agreement, at the end of December the Ethiopian federal police began to deploy in Macallè, as foreseen by the agreement reached last December 22 in Nairobi between the two parties to the conflict who agreed to create a joint monitoring and compliance mechanism to oversee the implementation of the peace deal. The mechanism will be in charge of monitoring the application of the cessation of hostilities agreement and will also have to make it possible to ensure compliance with the terms set out in the agreement by both sides and report any violations.
The agreement signed in Nairobi therefore provides for the creation of a follow-up committee bringing together representatives of the two camps, as well as the Intergovernmental Authority on Development (IGAD) and the African Union. The committee will be supported by a group of up to ten experts, nominated by the African Union and approved by both sides, whose mandate will last for six months, during which they will have to monitor various points such as the disarmament of militias, the humanitarian access to Tigray and the withdrawal of foreign troops (with clear reference to Eritrea).
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